Tuesday, March 1, 2016

The Battle Over President Obama's Nomination for the Next Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court


THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH
IT GOES WITHOUT SAYING THAT PRESIDENT OBAMA WILL nominate someone to fill the vacancy left by the very conservative Associate Justice Antonin Scalia who died in mid-February 2016.  The only loser's, as I see it, in this monumental battle will be the poor nominee and the Republicans; this is a no-win situation for either party.  Whether the Democrats/Obama win depends on how they handle the battle or if they actually get their nominee through the potentially debilitating process.

It is even possible that. as rumored, President Obama may even nominate a well known moderate Republican; Nevada Governor Brian Sandoval (who has recently quashed that rumor).  On the other hand, others suggest he might nominate a sacrificial lamb in the form of a very liberal justice, just to poke the conservatives in the eye by making them stop the nomination process.

The issue is whether Senator Mitch McConnell will eat crow and actually hold hearings for whoever Obama puts forward in the near future ... or not, regardless of who is put forward. (A blatant case of stonewalling for which the conservatives have honed to a fine point.)  McConnell & co. assert that it isn't right that a president with 11 months left to his (soon to be her, in my opinion) term should put forward, nor should Congress consider, a nominee for a Supreme Court vacancy.  The argument is, that since this is an election year, the "people" should decide who the president will be to make that nomination.

Well, didn't the "people" already decide (twice in this case) who the president is and who has the right AND duty to carry out ALL of the responsibilities of that position ... including filling vacancies on the Supreme Court?  Yes they did!   As one of those "people", I want my president to do their duty for the entire 100% of their term, not just 75%.

It's unfortunate for the opposition party (historically, neither Party is guiltless) that Justice Scalia died at an inconvenient time for them; but the Constitution, which wasn't designed with Parties in mind (in fact, the opposite), didn't provide for the executive to not exercise that part of their job description.  No, it was expected for the president to exercise that prerogative until midnight of the last day in office.



THE SENATE

THE FRAMERS OF OUR CONSTITUTION, the original great compromisers, tried their damnedest to mitigate the power of factions (parties in today's parlance) from interfering with the function of providing effective governance for the people who created it.  They well understood the debilitating nature of "tyranny by the majority" as well as "tyranny by the minority" and tried to insert the checks and balances needed to thwart those who see balanced government as a bad thing, who think moderation and compromise are dirty words, and who see a government of the People, by the People, and for the People as an anathema to their own parochial interests.  But they didn't foresee or protect America from the Radical Right whose forefathers boycotted the Constitutional Convention (or left it when they saw the result was not going to be another emasculated central government like the Continental Congress) and who then voted against the ratification of the Constitution because it usurped their version of 1) liberty or 2) the right to enslave others.

At no time in American history did the Congress fail to function as much as it has since Republicans took control of the House in 2011.  Sometimes the outcomes weren't very good, but it functioned nevertheless.  With the rise of the radical Right in 1994, that came to an end.  Not in one fell swoop, but in increments starting with the Gingrich revolution, which rapidly shifted further to the Right while growing in power during the 2000s.  Then, in 2010, it lurched much further Rightward with the take-over of the GOP by the Tea Party, the child of decades of effort of a handful of ultra-libertarian billionaires (if you believe Jane Mayer's Dark Money) whose stated goal was to bring government to a halt; and they have largely succeeded, when measured against all previous Congresses.

Once a upon a time, not long ago, the Supreme Court nominee needed to have severe actual or political flaws before the Senate might not Consent to the President's choice; only 28 out of 150 nominations put forward as of 2010.  As you can see, they were spread somewhat evenly, although President Tyler holds the record for most failed attempts at four.  If your interested, it breaks down like this:


  • Washington (2)
  • Madison (1)
  • J Q Adams (1)
  • Jackson (1)
  • Tyler (4)
  • Polk (1)
  • Fillmore (3)
  • Buchanan (1)
  • A Johnson (1)
  • Grant (3)
  • Hayes (1)
  • Cleveland (2)
  • Hoover (1)
  • L B Johnson (1)
  • Nixon (2)
  • Reagan (2)
  • G W Bush (1)
Of these:
  • 12 were rejected, 
  • 6 were withdrawn (of which 1 was later confirmed), 
  • 4 were postponed and never confirmed
  • 2 were nullified
  • 4 where no action was taken
Now the conservative Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell wants to "take no action" again, this time on purpose again.  There are historical cases that are similar.
  • President Tyler nominated John Reed who got a vote in committee, but was rejected with no further action
  • President Fillmore nominated Edward Bradford shortly before the Senate adjourned for the year.
  • President Fillmore nominated William Micou shortly before the Senate adjourned for the year
  • President Hayes nominated Thomas Stanley Matthews early in his last year of office, just as President Obama will do in March 2016.  The conservative Senate refused to consider him; but Matthews was confirmed when the next President put him forward again.
  • Note that in all four cases where no action was taken, the president was "progressive" while the Senate was conservative.  Do you see a pattern?
At this point in time McConnell has talked to President Obama but still maintains his obstructionist position.  It would seem he has dug himself a very deep hole out of which he may not be able to climb.  And, if he can't climb out, he may very well drag the GOP in with him!  And, and if Trump wins the GOP nomination, as it seems certain he will, the combination one-two punch against the nation's sensibilities may very well be the cause of downstream Republican, particularly conservative, to lose.

If the loses are heavy enough, the loss of the Senate to Democrats is almost certain, but the House may be in jeopardy as well.


Wednesday, February 24, 2016

To Break The Code or to Not Break The Code; The Battle Between Apple and the FBI

ON THE FACE OF IT, THIS SEEMS LIKE A STRAIGHT-FORWARD decision.  If you are afraid of terrorism in the United States, then Apple MUST help the FBI.  If you are worried about one of the things that make America unique - its privacy rights - then sorry FBI, find another way.  My gut reaction was to make Apple recover the contents the of the San Bernardino terrorist's cell phone.  I know longer feel that way.

The backstory is this.   Syed Rizwan Farook and his wife, in an act of home grown terrorism,murdered 14 fellow co-workers in a San Bernardino facility in 2015; the terrorists were killed.  In the course of their investigation, the FBI recovered Syed's cellphone but lacked the encryption code to read his messages.  Apple does not, and this is key, have a current ability to break that code, nor turn off the built-in protection which will wipe the phone clean after 10 failed attempts to hack the code; thereby affording absolute protection of their customers privacy.  Apple refused to help and the FBI got a federal court order mandating them to help.

But, here's the rub.  Apple doesn't have the ability (or desire) easily undo their encryption protection.  Now Apple claims that if they do this, then that may open up Pandora's box to hackers breaking into every Apple phone.  I don't believe that for a moment.  Why, because Apple has their source code locked down tight enough not to be worried it will be hacked; therefore they could do the same for any code they wrote to break into Syad's phone.  This is not a good reason to deny the FBI what they want, and this was the position I initially took.

What changed my mind was the other argument Apple is making ... that this is a slipper slope to government intrusion into everybody's private communications.  This, I believe.  The way the government to do this is to "Compel" a company like Apple to create original work in order to pry into another citizen's privacy.   The path down the primrose-road starts with the government having the ability to force someone to "create" something they do not want to; in this .  And to me, that is one step too far; even in this kind of situation with terrorism.

On the other hand, I have no problem with the government buying up a bunch of iPhone's and trying to reverse engineer them to their heart's content.  But, the idea of our government being able coerce actions from an innocent party against their will seams to violate every principle America was founded on.